“Kashmir Saivism” is something of a misnomer if used to refer simply to the Trika/ Pratyabhijna system of Kashmir Saiva philosophy. For at least three other non-dualistic systems are often identified: Nandikesvara Saivism, Rasesvara Saivism, and the Visistadvaita Saivism of Srikantha. This volume, although entitled “Kashmir Saivism”, does not deal with Nandikesvara and Rasesvara-Saivism beause of their paucity of significant philosophical materials. And Srikantha’s philosophy has been dealt with in a separate volume of this Encyclopedia (volume 15), because of its affinity to Bedhabheda. For the most part, this volume follows common parlance and maps a lineage, mostly Pratyabhijna but also diverse, including such authors as Sivananda, Abhinavagupta, and Jayaratha.